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Deer Fence

Deer Fencing in Seminole County

It’s easy to become excited when seeing a deer in your yard, but that excitement can quickly turn to frustration once you find that those deer have begun to eat your plants. Whether they’re a fruit, vegetables, or just landscaping plants, no gardener wants to see their hard work munched away in one afternoon.

Even if you have no plants to protect from deer, you may still want to keep them off of your property. Deer carry ticks and will drop them in your yard. Ticks may then attach to you or your pets, and carry sicknesses such as Lyme disease. Keeping deer out of a yard has been proven to cut back on the number of ticks in a yard.

There are a few ways to deter deer from your yard. You can try deer repellant sprays, plant more deer-resistant plants, or even remove your plants all together- although this is not usually an attractive option.

Or, you can build a deer fence. A deer fence is used to fence in small areas such as gardens and yard to protect them from deer. There are a few different kinds of fences to choose from, but they have the same basic necessities; deer fences need to be almost invisible, tall, and sturdy.

A standard deer fence is at least 7 feet tall, although deer have been known to jump up to 8 feet in the air. The fence must be as invisible as possible, this is to prevent deer from seeing and jumping over it. An effective deer fence has no top rail so there is nothing for the deer to see. The fence must also be sturdy. Deer and other wildlife will run into the fenceline when trying to enter the fenced-off area, the fence must be able to withstand being bumped/ran into. All mesh used in deer fencing, regardless of the materials chosen, should have openings no greater than 2”. Larger openings leave the possibility of wildlife getting caught in the fence, resulting in unnecessary deaths and possible fence damage.

Types of Deer Fence

There are a few different options for deer fencing, although some options may be better than others.

Polypropylene mesh fence: Is less expensive than metal mesh and is nearly invisible, but is it not as durable.

Metal mesh fence: More durable than polypropylene, but is more expensive. The less expensive versions are not invisible.

Alternative Deer Fences

Electric fence: Electric fencing is not recommended for deer fencing. Electric fences work best with animals who can be trained or learn to stay away from the fence, such as livestock or pets. Deer are wild animals, and will not learn or understand the fence. Electric fences also require more upkeep and can be shorted-out if something as simple as a branch falls onto the line.

Privacy fence: In some cases, a privacy fence is used to keep deer out of yards. This is usually used in more residential areas but is still efficient. Deer cannot see through a privacy fence to see if there are predators on the other side, so they will likely not jump over the barrier. Privacy fences, however, are much more expensive than standard deer fences and their installation is more tedious.

A deer fence doesn't have to hide your yard- most fences are nearly invisible from 20 feet away, allowing your landscaping to show through.

Regardless of the fence material chosen, it will still be necessary to routinely check the fence line for damage so that it can be repaired. Installing the deer fence is relatively simple and can be completed by most homeowners. Posts do not need to be installed deep into the ground like traditional fence posts. In fact, many times metal poles are used for a deer fence. They are sturdy and do not need to be dug into the ground, they can simply be driven into the dirt by hitting them with a mallet or hammer. The mesh is then installed by attaching to the posts using zip ties to pull it taught. Use bottom ground stakes to hold the fence down to the ground so that deer and other wildlife cannot crawl under. If you’re a little handier, you can craft a gate, or simply leave an area of overlapping mesh that you can open and re-close for easy access to the fenced-in area.

Once the fence is installed, spray the ground level around it with deer repellant and enjoy your deer-free oasis.

Fencing With Wildlife in Mind

Seminole County, Florida is one of the few places in Central Florida left that still has expansive wildlands. Across the county, you can find wetlands, pastures, farms, forests, hammocks, and many other diverse ecosystems. This natural beauty is what draws many to this region, but it is an ongoing battle to keep Seminole County natural.

One of the pressing issues that Oviedo and Geneva face is urban sprawl, which is described as the uncontrolled expansion of urban areas. Take a drive through Orlando, and you will see this. Apartments being built all along Highway 50, subdivisions popping up by the dozens. This rapid expansion is pushing more and more into Seminole County.

When wildlands are sold for developments, wildlife needs to find new homes, which are often the properties of residents in Oviedo and Geneva, those homeowners who have large pieces of land. It is not unusual for a landowner to want to keep deer, wild hogs, bears, or other wildlife off their properties, but sometimes a land barrier can be dangerous to animals, including your own. This article will cover how to choose the best fence for your needs that will be safe for wildlife.

Many agricultural fences are constructed using high-tensile wire or barbed wire, which is usually safe for livestock but can be deadly for wildlife attempting to clear a fence line. Many times, deer trying to jump a fence will get tangled in woven wire or snagged and caught on barbed wire. This results not only in a slow death for the animal, but a messy cleanup and costly repair for the homeowner. Unfortunately, this scenario is extremely common.

The Ideal Wildlife-Friendly Fence

The ideal wildlife-friendly fence is highly visible, allows wildlife to jump over or pass under, and allows wildlife with access to important habitats.

Researchers at Utah State University completed a wildlife mortality study along 600+ miles of fence in both Utah and Colorado and studied which fence type is the most problematic for wildlife.

The findings were that on average, one ungulate per year was found for every 2.5 miles of fence due to being snared and entangled. Most animals (69% of juveniles and 77% of adults) died from getting caught in the top two wires while trying to jump over a fence. They also concluded that juveniles are 8 times more likely to die in a fence than adults and that woven wire fences with a top wire made of barbed wire were the most lethal fence type.

There are simple steps to avoid these issues, including using a smooth top and bottom wire on fences, allowing at least 12 inches between the top two wires and 16 inches between the bottom wire and the ground, and keeping the top rail at 42 inches or shorter.

Another issue that researchers found with fences is that they often blocked wildlife from crossing and left many young ungulates blocked and stranded. 90% of carcasses found dead next to, but not in the fence, were fawns who were most likely separated from their mothers due to their inability to cross a woven wire fence. Had there been a 16-inch space between the bottom wire and the ground, they would have been able to slip under. It is important to use a smooth wire on the bottom wire so that wildlife who crawl under do not get snagged. A cut from barbed wire can become infected and be lethal to wildlife.

Fence posts were also found to be an issue. Many landowners use open vertical pipes for line and gate posts and have earned the name “death pipes”. This is because open vertical pipes have been found to be silent killers of birds, reptiles, and small mammals who are looking for a safe nesting area. Once in the pipe, it is almost impossible to escape up the smooth sides. To prevent this, fill pipes with concrete or use caps to cover any open pipes.

Another safety concern is the visibility of the fence. This is especially important if you live near grasslands or marshlands. Many times, low flying birds will not see a wire fence and become entangled and unable to escape. Seminole County is home to a handful of endangered species, including two large low-flying birds, the Sandhill Crane and the Wood Stork. These are federally protected birds that face danger if they cannot see your fence lines. A ranch rail style fence is visible, but wire fencing is not always.

To fix this, add a top board to your fence line (just make sure the fence is still shorter than 42 inches!) or, for a more affordable option, run the wire through a PVC pipe for a highly visible line, or simply flag the fence line.

You may be thinking, “Do I really need a fence? Or can I just use boundary markers?”. Many times, using boundary markers can be less expensive to install and maintain long term. They can be as simple as short posts in the ground with no wire between, or hedgerows. If you choose to do a hedgerow, make sure that the species you choose is not an invasive species. Invasive species will often overgrow and become difficult to handle.

If you need to use an exclusion fence, be sure to not fence in large areas that include wildlife habitats. For any fence type, place gates in the corners of the fence lines. Trapped animals are more likely to find the exit if it is in a corner. Deer exclusion fences should be a minimum of 7 feet tall, made with woven wire. Add a top rail for added visibility.

Making some of these minor changes will not only benefit wildlife but landowners as well. Visible or covered wire lowers the chance of an animal to get caught in the fence, damaging sections at a time. The guidelines don’t just apply to wildlife, livestock often get stuck in fencing as well. Remember that a wildlife-friendly fence is often low cost, and saves money long term by reducing future fence repair. Consider your options today.

Types of Field Fences

Wood Horse Fence

Wood is the most common option for horse fences. It is sturdy, cost efficient, and has the rustic appearance that many land owners look for. It is a good choice for a horse fence material, but make sure to take into consideration all options.

Wood fencing, over time, can shrink, warp, discolor, and need minor routine maintenance.  That does not sound like a huge issue, but having to repair a mile of fencing can be a big job. Wood fencing is recommended to be painted to help horses see it, as they are both far-sighted and may not see well at night. A horse plowing into a fence can damage the fence, and harm the horse. Keeping the paint maintained can also be a task.

Wood is sturdy, but ensure that the correct posts are being used to anchor the fence into the ground. For wood fencing, Custom Fence Oviedo does not recommend anchoring with concrete, as concrete holds moisture and will actually speed up the process of post rot. The key to post installation is to have leverage over the above ground section. For example, a 6' tall fence will use 4" x 4" x 10' line posts to provide the correct leverage ratio.

For a horse fence, it's ideal to use a mesh wiring to help prevent the horse to step through the fence. A 2" x 4" wire is best for horses, as it prevents them from stepping through or getting caught in it. Horses are much more likely to fight in a situation where they're stuck than other livestock, and their thinner skin than livestock can make getting stuck in wire a life-threatening situation for them. It is also recommended to use a "no climb" wire mesh, that has openings that are too small for the horse to step up on.

Regardless of material, it is important to understand the height requirements and number of boards necessary to property house a horse. For young horses, the fence should be a minimum for 4.5 feet tall, and be a 3-rail to help prevent the horse from stepping through. Adult horses will require a height of 5 to 6 feet tall and be a 4 or 5 rail to help discourage the horse from jumping or leaning over. Pairing the correct heights, rail numbers, and wiring will assist in choosing the safest and most efficient fence for your horse.

Aluminum and Vinyl Horse Fence

Other options for horse fencing materials include both aluminum and vinyl.

Aluminum

Aluminum is not often seen, but is ideal if building between concrete columns. It is recommended for use in the fronts of properties for aesthetic purposes, or for businesses such as equestrian centers or stable rentals. Custom Fence Oviedo recommends Alumi-Guard aluminum products. Aluminum horse fences have an expensive upfront cost, but require less maintenance than other materials. They are available in 7 different powder-coated long lasting colors.

Aluminum horse fences are available in 2, 3, and 4-rail options and in 8-foot wide sections.

 

Vinyl

Vinyl horse fence has a moderate upfront cost, and is a great option for both horse fences and decorative field fences. Vinyl fencing is a plastic polymer, which helps give the fence a bit of flexibility if a horse were to lean against it. Custom Fence Oviedo recommends Homeland Vinyl products, which are high quality vinyl products containing titanium dioxide as a UV inhibitor. The pigments used in their colored products also contain UV protectants. This is ideal for land owners who want their white fence to stay white without much work.

Although less work than wood, vinyl horse fences are not as strong. The posts and rails are hollow, meaning they may crack if a horse were to lean too hard, or run into the fence.

Vinyl horse fences are available in 2, 3, 4, and 5-rail options and in 8-foot wide sections.

 

 

Field Fence

Field fence, sometimes called deer fence, is another option.

 

If your goal is to keep something in or out of your property, including both livestock or predators, the most cost effective option for your needs may be field fencing. Field fencing in constructed of wooden line posts and mesh wire (oftentimes "no-climb wire). They may feature a wood top rail, depending on the purpose of the fence.

Field Fence is often used around gardens or fields to keep grazing deer out, or as a simple barrier for grazing livestock such as sheep, goats, and cattle.

Wired Field fence is an affordable and effective way to fence in a property. It is available up to six foot in height and can be customized to fit both you and your property's specific needs.

 

Barbed Wire Fence

Barbed wire fencing was the first fencing type found to be able to restrain cattle, and began being used in the mid-1800's. Today, barbed wire remains the most popular livestock fencing because of its availability and affordability.

Barbed wire is relatively affordable to install yourself or have installed, due to the materials required. Most barbed wire fences consist of only wooden posts with wire ran in between. Standard barbed wire fencing usually has the posts spaced 5 to 6 feet apart, and 3 to 5 strands of wire ran between. The galvanized wire come in three categories: classes I, II, and III. Class I has the thinnest coating and shortest life expectancy. Class I wires will begin to show rust after around 8 to 10 years, while Class III won't until around 15 to 20 years. Aluminum coated wiring is sometimes used and yields a longer life.

 

There are many options to string a barbed wire fence, including:

Hand-Knotting:   Wire is wrapped around corner posts and knotted by hand. This is the most common method.

Crimp Sleeves:   Wire is wrapped around corner posts and bound to incoming wire with metal sleeves, that are then crimped using lock cutters. This method should be avoided because the sleeves tend to slip when under tension. This method is best used for repairs in the middle of the fence line.

Wire Vise:   Wire is passed through a hole drilled into the post, and is anchored onto the far side.

Wire Wrap:   Wire is wrapped around a corner post, and wrapped onto a helical wire, which wraps onto an incoming wire. Friction holds the wire into place.

 

While affordable, barbed wire fencing requires a high amount of upkeep. It is also dangerous to most livestock, including pigs, sheep, goats, horses, and calves. It is only recommended for use with fully-grown cattle, and even then, is seen as a controversial form of fencing. This is due in part to the fact that it is dangerous for wildlife. Low flying birds or bats can have their wings ripped by the top wire, and many are too high or not visible for deer, moose,  or anther animals to clear while jumping. They may get tangled in the wire and give themselves fatal energy, or die a slow death if they can not escape.

How Can I Get Barbed Wire Without Injuring Animals?

If you're dead set on a barbed wire fence, or can't afford another type of agricultural fence, there are a few ways to make your barbed wire fence safer to your livestock and wildlife. You can use small PVC pipes along the top wire of the fence to help aid in the fences visibility, and use smooth wire as the bottom wire so that animals crawling underneath don't become injured.

 

If you're not sure which fence type will be the best option for both your needs and the surrounding environment, visit our Fencing With Wildlife In Mind article.

 

Do I Need a Permit to Build a Fence?

Does Oviedo require a permit to build a fence?

Yes. Yes! Yes!!  When building a fence within the city limits of Oviedo, or any Central Florida municipality,  that fence must be permitted. Don’t let anyone or any company in Oviedo convince you otherwise.  In fact, if a fence company tells you that you don’t need a permit, run fast and don’t look back. Chances are the fence company or individual is not licensed and insured, and the fence they install for you will not meet local building codes.

 

What happens if you build a fence without a permit?

 

  1. First, permits are a great way to ensure that the work completed was done correctly, and is completed to building code. Think of it as a form of consumer protection. Permits will need to pass an inspection with code enforcement in order to be closed.
  2. Secondly, unpermitted work can affect your homeowner’s insurance coverage in addition to causing very costly issues if you decide to sell your home.
  3. Last, you can be fined by the city, then have to purchase a permit and pass an inspection. Your inspection may fail, resulting in you needing to complete the project again.

 

If you are still thinking that you don’t need a fence permit, think twice. When you try to pull that fence permit, a city permit technician will utter words such as:

 

  • Historic District
  • Special District
  • Signed and Stamped Architectural Drawing
  • Planned Develop Agreement
  • Pool Code
  • Double Frontage Lot
  • Front Yard Set Back
  • Reverse Corner
  • Right-A-Way
  • Maximize Height Limits
  • Urban Design
  • Department of Transportation
  • Visibility Triangle
  • Corner Clip
  • Administrative Modification
  • Variance and much more…..

 

This is why it’s important to hire professionals who understand permitting and your municipality’s building codes.

 

So yes!!! You do need a fence permit!  Visit the City of Oviedo website and find out more:  https://www.cityofoviedo.net/478/Building-Permits   When in doubt call Paramount Fencing or visit them on the web at www.paramountfencing1.com 

 

ALL MUNICIPALITIES IN CENTRAL FLORIDA AREA REQUIRE FENCE PERMITS, EVEN IF YOU ARE ONLY REPLACING. THE ONLY EXCEPTION IS UNINCORPORATED LAKE COUNTY OR SEMINOLE COUNTY WHO DO NOT REQUIRE FENCE PERMITS FOR CHAIN LINK OR FIELD FENCE.

Responsible Oviedo Fence Company Doing Their Part…

Fence, Vegetation, and Visibility Oviedo.

Anyone that commutes on 426 from Oviedo to Geneva or Geneva to Oviedo knows how dangerous that commute can be.   Last Tuesday there was a terrible accident at Walsh and 426 around 7:40 AM.    The road was shut down.   Anyone who passed the aftermath once the road re-opened probably cringed.

The simple fact is this accident was avoidable.   The line of sight for commuters turning off of Walsh on to 426 was blocked by overgrown vegetation which prevented Northbound traffic from knowing someone was turning southbound.   Couple that with the fact the only passing lanes on 426 as you travel Northbound out of Oviedo starts within 500 feet of the intersection of Walsh Street and 426, an impatient motorist, disaster was inevitable.

The vegetation was part of the Problem.   So we at Paramount Fencing solved that part of the problem.   We contacted the property owner, and with their permission and full cooperation, have removed all vegetation which prevents northbound traffic from knowing a car is turning off of Walsh on to 426 at no charge.    If you know of a similar problem on 426, contact us, and we will remove that vegetation free of charge.

In the meantime,  here is where we need your help.   We need the people to contact District Two Seminole County Commissioner and request that the passing lanes on 426 before and after Walsh Street be eliminated.   We know it sucks, but there are no passing lanes on State Road 46 between Geneva and Oviedo on SR 426 with the exceptions of Walsh, Murphy, and Marsh Streets.    All of these passing lanes are within 500 feet of those intersections.  Understand, these once dirt roads are now paved and are popular short cuts.

Contact Information

Please send e-mail to gvenn@seminolecountyfl.gov
Phone: (407) 665-7205
Fax: (407) 665-7958
Board of County Commissioners
Seminole County Services Building
1101 E. First Street
Sanford, FL 32771

We are asking for your help because one of the vehicles has a mom and three kids involved.   Next, the local bus stop for Geneva Elementry is located where the two cars came to rest.   Understand, the buss normally picks those kids up at 7:45 AM.   Just a reminder the accident happened at 7:40 A.M.  This could have been much worse.

Thanks for your help, Oviedo and Geneva.  Lets drive save. Lets Fence Safe..

Kip HudaKoz- President and Founder Paramount Fencing, Inc.

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